Type 2 diabetes mellitus(Non-Insulin Dependent) is a metabolic disorder that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar(glucose) as fuel. It is characterized by insulin resistance – when your body resists the effects of insulin and impairment in insulin secretion that – when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.
There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. There are no initial symptoms, you can have type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. Observe for:
- Increased hunger: In type 2 diabetes the body does not have enough insulin to send glucose to cells. This means the muscles and organs are depleted of energy, resulting in increased hunger.
- Excessive thirst and frequent urination: Excess blood sugar causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues. This may leave you thirsty. As a result, you may drink and urinate more than usual.
- Weight loss: Despite eating often and more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight. Without the ability to breakdown glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat.
- Fatigue: When cells have low blood glucose, the body becomes depleted of nutrients. Fatigue is one of the most debilitating diabetes symptoms, because it interferes with daily life.
- Blurred vision: High blood glucose may pull fluid from the lenses of the eyes, which may cause swelling. This affects your ability to focus and see clearly. Blurred vision is generally temporary, but it does affect the ability to see clearly.
- Frequent infections and slow healing of wounds:Type 2 diabetes normally slows recovery time from infections and wounds. People suffering from type 2 diabetes take longer period to heal due to poor blood circulation.