Swollen gum or gingivitis affects a significant portion of the population and is the most common form of periodontal diseases. Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums, or gingiva. It commonly occurs because a film of plaque, or bacteria, accumulates on the teeth.
It’s essential to treat the plaque as soon as possible. You may also wish to increase the frequency and duration of brushing and flossing.
However, there are affordable and effective home remedies to treat swollen gum. If you begin treatment at an early stage, home remedies are usually able to clear swollen gum.
The home remedies explained below are generally safe to use. But seek medical advice if you are experiencing severe symptoms, such as extreme pain or bleeding.
Home remedies to prevent swollen gum and gingivitis
Steps you can take at home to prevent and reverse gingivitis or swollen gum include:
Brush thoroughly and use proper technique
You should brush your teeth at least twice a day, including last thing before going to sleep. For optimal oral health, brush 30 minutes after each meal to let saliva remineralize your teeth surfaces. Use circular and vertical motions, covering front and back sides of your teeth for a minimum of two minutes. You can also use soft bristled toothbrush to prevent plaque buildup. Don’t consume any food or beverages other than water after you brush before bed.
Many people are pretty good about brushing their teeth, but aren’t so great about getting in between teeth where toothbrushes can’t reach. You should floss your teeth daily, preferably before brushing. Flossing before brushing helps to loosen particles of food and plaque that you can then brush away. Flossing before brushing also allows your teeth to absorb more protective fluoride from your toothpaste.
Drink more water
Drinking water frequently throughout the day gives your teeth a rinse and helps prevent the buildup of plaque. Try to get 8 glasses of water a day for the best results. Staying hydrated helps saliva generate a protective coating for your teeth.
Rinse with mouthwash regularly
After flossing and brushing, gargle with an anti-microbial or anti-septic mouthwash to rinse any remaining particles and disinfect your mouth. An anti-microbial mouthwash is slightly less harsh, killing bacteria that cause plaque buildup and stopping bad breath. Anti-septic mouthwashes contain more alcohol and kill more microscopic organisms, but can leave your mouth feeling drier because of its higher alcohol content.
Use of guava leaves
Guava leaves have long been an effective treatment used to manage oral hygiene. It helps freshen your breath and reduce inflammation. Crush guava leaves with a mortar and pestle then add a cup boiling water. Allow the solution to cool and add a small amount of salt before swishing in your mouth for 30 seconds. Spit it out and repeat twice a day.
Salt for gargles
Salt is a natural disinfectant that helps your body to heal itself. Saline water may also remove particles of food and relieve bad breath. Add a teaspoon of salt to a glass of lukewarm water and mix well. Swish the solution in your mouth for up to 30 seconds. Spit out the solution and repeat twice a day.
Avoid using tobacco products
Smoking irritates gums and encourages plaque buildup. Both of these contribute to bad oral health and swollen gum exposing the gums to germs and reducing the flow of saliva. Chewing tobacco similarly increases the risk of periodontal, or gum, diseases like gingivitis.
Regular checkups with a dentist are also important
You should see a dentist every six months to a year for best oral health. A dentist can remove plaque and tarter from parts of your teeth and gums you’re likely to miss.