General first aid treatment of shock

shock all types treatment


Shock maybe defined as a depression of the vital centres in the brain due to the depletion of sufficient blood supply. This may be the result of either actual or direct loss of blood from circulation as seen in severe bleeding. Shock is a life-threatening medical emergency which requires immediate emergency medical treatment.

The longer it takes to establish treatment, the greater the risk of permanent organ damage and death. Anaphylaxis, severe infections, or allergic reactions can also lead to circulatory shock and death if not treated promptly.



Signs and symptoms of shock

Before you administer any kind of treatment it’s important to know what you are dealing with. Signs and symptoms of shock include the following:

  • Cold clammy skin
  • Excessive sweating
  • Blue discolouration of lips and fingernails
  • Weak rapid pulse
  • Rapid and shallow breathing
  • Dilated pupils
  • Low blood pressure
  • Low or no urine output
  • Disorientation
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Fainting
  • Unconsciousness

First aid treatment of shock

You may save a person’s life by giving first aid whiles paramedics are on the way.



To begin with, move the person away from danger

For safety reasons, you may need to carefully move the person and yourself out of harm’s way.

To add to, call your local emergency services number

Shock is a medical emergency, will require expert medical attention, and hospitalization.

Secondly, check for breathing and circulation

Maintain a clear airway and also be sure the person is breathing. Check for a pulse. Observe the person’s chest to see if it rises and falls. Place your cheek next to the person’s mouth to check for breath.

Thirdly, do CPR if necessary.

Only administer CPR if you are trained to do so. An untrained person may do serious harm to someone by attempting CPR.

Furthermore, place the person in the shock position

If the person is conscious and has no injury to the head, leg, neck, or spine, then proceed with placing them in the shock position. Position the person on their back and elevate only the legs about 10 inches.

Moreover, control any bleeding

If the person sustained a trauma, you may need to stop the flow of blood from a wound. Apply pressure to any bleeding wounds and dress the wounds using clean materials if available.

Also, provide warmth

Cover the person with any available material such as towels, jackets, blankets, or first aid blankets.

Finally, stay with the person until help arrives

Talk to the person calmly. If the person is conscious, talking to them can help you to continue to evaluate their condition.



About felclinic 553 Articles
Felix Ntifo is a Registered General Nurse who has so much passion to improve health care delivery. He founded FelClinic with the hope of making health information accessible to everyone who may not come in contact with him personally. "At felclinic.com we are very passionate about health and well-being of everyone. Our team is made up of professional doctors, nurses, midwives and lab technicians."

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