Shock maybe defined as a depression of the vital centres in the brain due to the depletion of sufficient blood supply. This may be the result of either actual or direct loss of blood from circulation as seen in severe bleeding. Shock is a life-threatening medical emergency which requires immediate emergency medical treatment.
The longer it takes to establish treatment, the greater the risk of permanent organ damage and death. Anaphylaxis, severe infections, or allergic reactions can also lead to circulatory shock and death if not treated promptly.
Signs and symptoms of shock
Before you administer any kind of treatment it’s important to know what you are dealing with. Signs and symptoms of shock include the following:
- Cold clammy skin
- Excessive sweating
- Blue discolouration of lips and fingernails
- Weak rapid pulse
- Rapid and shallow breathing
- Dilated pupils
- Low blood pressure
- Low or no urine output
First aid treatment of shock
You may save a person’s life by giving first aid whiles paramedics are on the way.
To begin with, move the person away from danger
For safety reasons, you may need to carefully move the person and yourself out of harm’s way.
To add to, call your local emergency services number
Shock is a medical emergency, will require expert medical attention, and hospitalization.
Secondly, check for breathing and circulation
Maintain a clear airway and also be sure the person is breathing. Check for a pulse. Observe the person’s chest to see if it rises and falls. Place your cheek next to the person’s mouth to check for breath.
Thirdly, do CPR if necessary.
Only administer CPR if you are trained to do so. An untrained person may do serious harm to someone by attempting CPR.
Furthermore, place the person in the shock position
If the person is conscious and has no injury to the head, leg, neck, or spine, then proceed with placing them in the shock position. Position the person on their back and elevate only the legs about 10 inches.
Moreover, control any bleeding
If the person sustained a trauma, you may need to stop the flow of blood from a wound. Apply pressure to any bleeding wounds and dress the wounds using clean materials if available.
Also, provide warmth
Cover the person with any available material such as towels, jackets, blankets, or first aid blankets.
Finally, stay with the person until help arrives
Talk to the person calmly. If the person is conscious, talking to them can help you to continue to evaluate their condition.