A peptic ulcer disease is an excavation (erosion) of a circumscribed area in the mucosal wall of the stomach, duodenum. It attributed to high levels of hydrochloric acid.
No single cause identified for peptic ulcers. However, it is clear that an ulcer is the end result of an imbalance between digestive fluids in the stomach and duodenum.
Factors such as smoking, alcoholism and familial tendency may be a significant predisposing factor.
The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer disease is burning abdominal pain which can range from mild to severe. It causes bloating, nausea, vomiting, and other uncomfortable symptoms that can make you less hungry and mess with your sleep.
Tips to prevent peptic ulcer disease
- Avoid foods that irritate your stomach. If it upsets your stomach when you eat it, avoid it. Everyone is different, but spicy foods, citrus fruits, and fatty foods are common irritants.
- Stop smoking. Heavy smokers are more likely to develop duodenal ulcers than non-smokers.
- Reduce alcohol intake. Heavy consumption of alcohol has been shown to contribute to the development of ulcers, so keep your intake to a minimum.
- Avoid prolong use of Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS including aspirin and ibuprofen) as this may increase your risk of irritating the lining of your stomach
- Learn how to control your stress levels. Regular exercise and mind-body relaxation techniques (such as guided imagery and yoga) are often helpful.
- Good hygiene can help reduce the risk for peptic ulcer disease caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Washing the hands thoroughly with warm soapy water after using the restroom and before eating and avoiding sharing eating utensils and drinking glasses also can reduce the spread of bacteria that can cause Peptic ulcer disease.
- Eating a well balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains help you prevent developing a peptic ulcer disease. Also eat regularly and on time.