Cavities or dental caries are small openings or holes in the teeth caused by tooth decay. They are formed as a result of built-up plaque and bacteria on the surface of the teeth, poor dental hygiene and lack of essential minerals in the diet.
Signs and symptoms of cavities
- Tooth sensitivity or a toothache.
- Pain when eating cold, sweet or hot foods.
- You may feel pain when you bite down.
- Dark colored pits or holes on your teeth.
- Bad breath or taste in your mouth, especially after meals.
To begin with, brush your teeth at least twice a day
Regularly brush your teeth at least twice a day. This prevents cavities caused by bacteria from building up on the surface of your teeth. It’s also a good to brush your teeth within 30 minutes after eating very sugary or acidic foods as these items can precipitate formation of cavities.
Secondly, regularly floss your teeth
Flossing needs to be done at least once a day, ideally before you brush your teeth at night. This is because it removes bacteria and trapped food particles from between your teeth that your toothbrush is unable to remove. Make sure to floss between each and every tooth especially the hard to reach ones in the back.
Thirdly, increase intake of calcium and vitamin D
Your body needs calcium to build bones and teeth, and vitamin D in order to absorb that calcium. Eat variety of diet containing foods rich in these nutrients, such as dairy products and leafy vegetables. Taking vitamin and mineral supplements is another option.
Furthermore, always rinse your mouth
Regularly using a mouthwash can help to kill bacteria, remove plaque, prevent gum disease and protect against bad breath. Use a mouthwash that contains fluoride to help add minerals back into the teeth and prevent bacteria from forming acid. Swishing your mouth with calcium and magnesium powders dissolved in water helps the cavities in teeth.
Additionally, avoid chewing gums containing sugar
Some sugarless gums can actually help you to avoid cavities. Chewing sugarless gum increases saliva production which helps to get rid of food particles trapped between the teeth.
Moreover, gargle with salt water
Dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a glass of slightly warm water, take a mouthful and swish it around your mouth for a minute or two, concentrating on the area with the cavities in teeth. Replace the sea salt with garlic salt for another effective remedy.
Finally, take analgesics for pain
One surefire way of temporarily relieving tooth pain is to take ibuprofen. This will reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Make sure to use ibuprofen according to the manufacturer’s instructions.