There’s no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. But you can protect yourself and others from infection. Read the tips below;
Be faithful to your partner
Abstinence is the best method of prevention but very difficult. Sexual intercourse that does not carry a risk of HIV infection is a mutually monogamous partnership. Both members are uninfected and do not expose themselves outside of sex.
Learn the facts about mode of transmission of HIV
HIV is transmitted when infected blood, breast milk, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with broken skin or mucous membranes (i.e., mouth, nose, vag*na, rectum, penis opening).
Avoid sharing needles or syringes
Needles and syringes can easily carry HIV from one person to another. Never use recreational drugs which use needles and never use any needles not given to you by your doctor. Get help if you have problems with drug addiction.
Always protect yourself
This is the most important part of preventing HIV. Protected sex will go a long way to protect you and your partner if one of you is at risk or has contracted an HIV infection. Of course, it’s easy to say “just this one time” to skipping protection but all it takes is one time: be on the safe side and insist on protection! Protect yourself by using condoms every time you have sex.
Frequent counselling and testing
Frequent testing can help both you and your sexual partner stay safe. Protecting each other if you are at risk or in a new relationship is something that good sexual partners do!
Avoid contact with other people’s blood and bodily fluids.
You never know who has HIV, since there is no surefire way, and someone may not even know if he or she is infected, so the best policy is to always be careful. Avoid touching other people’s blood if at all possible and also avoid contact with the other bodily fluids such as semen, breast milk.
Communicate with your partner
Talk with your partner about your sexual and drug abuse history. Let them understand that this is important to you and that you won’t pass judgement.