PID causes, symptoms, risk factors and prevention

PID causes


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of a woman’s reproductive system. It occurs when bacteria often Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) spread from the vag*na to other reproductive organs, such as the uterus, Fallopian tubes and/or ovaries.

PID doesn’t always cause obvious symptoms, although it frequently affects the ability for a woman to get pregnant. As a result, you might not realize you have the condition and seek treatment. It might later be detected if you have trouble getting pregnant or develop chronic pelvic pain.



Your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease increases if you have gonorrhea or chlamydia. However, you can develop PID without ever having STIs. Other factors that can cause pelvic inflammatory disease include:

  • S3xual intercourse below age 25
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Having unprotected s3x
  • Prolong use of intrauterine device (IUD) to prevent a pregnancy
  • Douching
  • History of pelvic inflammatory disease

Signs and symptoms of PID

PID might cause only mild signs and symptoms or none at all. When severe, the following symptoms might be present;



  • The main symptom for women suffering from PID is lower abdominal cramping and tenderness.
  • Nausea and  vomiting
  • Heavy vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
  • Fever and chills
  • Irregular vag*nal bleeding
  • Pain during urination
  • Painful micturition
  • Signs of shock, like fainting

Because this can be a life-threatening condition, if you have severe symptoms, call your doctor or go to the hospital immediately. The infection may spread to your bloodstream or other parts of your body.

Treatment of PID.

Your doctor will prescribe combination of antibiotics for you. If you have severe PID, you may need to stay in the hospital and receive antibiotics intravenously (through a vein in your arm). Antibiotics can help prevent serious complications of PID, but cannot reverse any damage that’s already occurred.

If your Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is caused by an STI, such as like gonorrhea or chlamydia, then your sexual partner should be treated with antibiotics or appropriate medications also. Always follow your doctor’s advice and finish off your medicine as prescribed.

Take the following precautions to prevent PID

  • If you suspect you may have have gonorrhea and/or chlamydia, get early diagnosis and treatment.
  • Practice abstinence.
  • Maintain a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who known to be uninfected with an STI.
  • Use a condom to reduce the risks of getting STIs.
  • Have yearly testing for chlamydia, especially if you are under age 25, are sexually active, or have multiple sex partners.


About felclinic 593 Articles
Felix Ntifo is a Registered General Nurse who has so much passion to improve health care delivery. He founded FelClinic with the hope of making health information accessible to everyone who may not come in contact with him personally. "At felclinic.com we are very passionate about health and well-being of everyone. Our team is made up of professional doctors, nurses, midwives and lab technicians."

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