Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are infections in any part of your urinary system your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract the bladder and the urethra. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than men.
There are various general practices that will help to avoid urinary tract infections (UTIs) in most instances; hygiene, clothing, diet, activities, and medications. Most UTIs are ascending infections of bacteria that colonize the vaginal wall and eventually the urethra.
Sex is a common cause of UTIs in women because sexual intercourse introduces bacteria into a woman’s urinary tract. During sex, the urethra comes into contact with the bacteria from the genital area and anus, allowing them to enter the urethra, the bladder, and possibly eventually the kidneys, and result in an infection.
Tips to prevent UTIs
You can take these steps to reduce your risk of UTIs:
Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.
The simplest way to prevent a UTI is to flush bacteria out of the bladder and urinary tract before it can settle in. If you’re well-hydrated, it will be tough to go too long without going to the bathroom. Drinking water helps dilute your urine and ensures that you’ll urinate more frequently allowing bacteria to be flushed from your urinary tract before an infection can begin.
Avoid potentially irritating feminine products.
Skip douches, deodorant sprays, scented powders, and other feminine products with fragrances or chemicals. They in the genital area can irritate the urethra.
Wipe from front to back.
Bacteria tend to hang around the anus. If you wipe from front to back, especially after a bowel movement, they’re less likely to make it to the urethra. Regular wiping from front to back helps prevent bacteria in the anal region from spreading to the vagina and urethra.
Clean your genitals before sex and empty your bladder soon after sex.
Use soap and water before sex. This keeps bacteria away from the urethra. And peeing afterward carries any bacteria that entered the urinary tract back out. Also, drink a full glass of water to help flush bacteria.
Change your birth control method.
A diaphragm, spermicide, or spermicide-lubricated condom can make you more likely to get a UTI because they all can contribute to bacterial growth. If you often get UTIs and use one of these birth control methods, consider trying another birth control method to see if it helps.
Use a personal lubricant.
Friction during intercourse can sometimes irritate the urethra and introduce bacteria that cause urinary tract infections. Using a small amount of water-based lubrication during sex can help reduce friction and the risk of infection.