Migraines can easily be treated either with medications or lifestyle adjustments.
Migraines, Prevention tips
Prevention is often the best treatment for migraine headaches. Examples of preventive methods your doctor may prescribe include:
- Making changes to your diet, such as eliminating foods and substances known to cause headaches, like alcohol and caffeine
- Making prescription medications, such as antidepressants, blood pressure-lowering medicines, antiepileptic medications, or CGRP antagonists
- Taking steps to reduce stress
People who have migraines less frequently may benefit from taking medications known to reduce migraines quickly. Examples of these medicines include:
- Anti-nausea medicines, such as promethazine (Phenergan), chlorpromazine (Thorazine), or prochlorperazine (Compazine)
- Mild to moderate pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, naproxen sodium, or ibuprofen
- Triptans, such as almotriptan (Axert), rizatriptan (Maxalt), or sumatriptan (Alsuma, Imitrex, and Zecuity)
If a person takes migraine headache medications more than 10 days a month, this could cause an effect known as rebound headaches. This practice will worsen headaches instead of helping them feel better. Tell your physician if your medications are no longer effective.
Identify and treat early
First and foremost, Headaches can range from being a mild inconvenience to being severe and debilitating. Identifying and treating headaches as early as possible can help a person engage in preventive treatments to minimize the chance of another headache. Distinguishing migraines from other types of headaches can be tricky. Pay particular attention to the time before the headache starts for signs of an aura and tell your doctor.
Fortunately, most tension headaches will go away with over-the-counter treatments. These include:
Because most headaches are stress-induced, taking steps to reduce stress can help relieve headache pain and reduce the risk for future headaches. These include:
- heat therapy, such as applying warm compresses or taking a warm shower
- neck stretching
- relaxation exercises