Treating Migraines and Headaches

migraines
Woman With Migraine


Migraines can easily be treated either with medications or lifestyle adjustments.

Migraine Treatment

Migraines, Prevention tips

Prevention is often the best treatment for migraine headaches. Examples of preventive methods your doctor may prescribe include:



  • Making changes to your diet, such as eliminating foods and substances known to cause headaches, like alcohol and caffeine
  • Making prescription medications, such as antidepressants, blood pressure-lowering medicines, antiepileptic medications, or CGRP antagonists
  • Taking steps to reduce stress

 

Medications

People who have migraines less frequently may benefit from taking medications known to reduce migraines quickly. Examples of these medicines include:

  • Anti-nausea medicines, such as promethazine (Phenergan), chlorpromazine (Thorazine), or prochlorperazine (Compazine)
  • Mild to moderate pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, naproxen sodium, or ibuprofen
  • Triptans, such as almotriptan (Axert), rizatriptan (Maxalt), or sumatriptan (Alsuma, Imitrex, and Zecuity)

If a person takes migraine headache medications more than 10 days a month, this could cause an effect known as rebound headaches. This practice will worsen headaches instead of helping them feel better. Tell your physician if your medications are no longer effective.



 

Treating Headaches

Identify and treat early

First and foremost, Headaches can range from being a mild inconvenience to being severe and debilitating. Identifying and treating headaches as early as possible can help a person engage in preventive treatments to minimize the chance of another headache. Distinguishing migraines from other types of headaches can be tricky. Pay particular attention to the time before the headache starts for signs of an aura and tell your doctor.

Over-the-counter treatments

Fortunately, most tension headaches will go away with over-the-counter treatments. These include:

  • acetaminophen
  • aspirin
  • ibuprofen

Relaxation techniques

Because most headaches are stress-induced, taking steps to reduce stress can help relieve headache pain and reduce the risk for future headaches. These include:

  • heat therapy, such as applying warm compresses or taking a warm shower
  • massage
  • meditation
  • neck stretching
  • relaxation exercises

 



About felclinic 552 Articles
Felix Ntifo is a Registered General Nurse who has so much passion to improve health care delivery. He founded FelClinic with the hope of making health information accessible to everyone who may not come in contact with him personally. "At felclinic.com we are very passionate about health and well-being of everyone. Our team is made up of professional doctors, nurses, midwives and lab technicians."

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