Hiccups are involuntary contractions of the diaphragm: the muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen and plays an important role in breathing. Most episodes of hiccups in infants are caused by overfeeding or occur when a baby swallows too much air. Infants are generally not bothered by hiccups.
Also, most hiccups will go away on their own. Hiccups are often less disturbing to infants than they are to adults. However, if your baby seems bothered by the hiccups, not feeding normally try the following home remedies.
Position the baby properly
Put the baby in a semi-upright position during feedings and for up to 30 minutes after. Staying upright can relieve pressure on the baby’s diaphragm.
Stop feeding if an infant is experiencing persistent hiccups.
Resume feeding when the infant has ceased to hiccup, or, if he or she is still hiccuping after 10 minutes, try feeding again. Rub or pat the baby’s back. Babies who are hungry and upset are more likely to gulp air, which causes hiccups.
Frequently pause and burp often during feedings.
Burping the baby can release some of the hiccup-causing gas in his or her stomach. Place the baby upright across your chest so the baby’s head is on or a little above your shoulder. Burp before you switch breasts if you are breastfeeding. Burp after the baby eats 2 to 3 ounces (60 to 90 ml) if you are bottle-feeding. Pause to burp or stop feeding if the infant stops eating or turns his or her head away. Burp more frequently if you are feeding a baby.
Adjust the bottle to 45 degrees when bottle-feeding.
This allows air in the bottle to rise to the bottom and away from the nipple. You may also want to consider using collapsible bag inserts for the bottle that are designed to reduce air swallowing.
Learn the baby’s hunger signals.
A baby may swallow excess air when crying during hunger. Feed your infant as soon as they seem hungry. Also, a calm baby will eat more slowly than a hungry, tired baby. Observe for signs of hunger such as: crying, mouth movements such as sucking motions, or restlessness.
Seek medical advice
Talk to a pediatrician if the baby’s hiccups are interfering with the baby’s life. If an infant is regularly hiccuping for over twenty minutes, this can be a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). A pediatrician may be able to prescribe medicine or provide recommendations on how you can help your baby’s hiccups