Nosebleeds are active blood loss from the tissue that lines your nose. It can affect both nostrils, but most often occurs in only one nostril. Frequent nosebleeds in children are very common. They can be scary, but are rarely cause for alarm. Most will stop on their own and can be easily managed at home.
However, a nosebleed that recurs 4 times or more in a week needs medical evaluation. This is to determine the seriousness of the problem. Frequent nosebleeds in children for about 2 to 3 times in a month may mean that a chronic condition such as allergies
Usually, treatment of frequent nosebleeds in children are easily. Sometimes irritation occurs in the tiny blood vessels inside the nose and don’t heal. This happens more often in kids with ongoing allergies or who get a lot of colds. A doctor might be able to help in these cases.
What causes frequent nosebleeds in children?
Most frequent nosebleeds in children are caused by dry air. This is especially true of many nighttime nosebleeds. A dry indoor air irritates and dries out the tissues in your nose. This causes crusts that may itch and then bleed when scratched or picked.
Additionally, common colds can also irritate the lining of the nose. Frequent nosebleeds in children occurs mostly occurs following repeated nose-blowing. Having a cold during dry winter weather can cause nosebleeds.
Allergies also can cause problems. With this, doctors may prescribe medicine (such as antihistamines or decongestants) to control an itchy, stuffy or runny nose. This medicine can dry out nasal membranes, leading to nosebleeds.
Moreover, an injury or blow to the nose can also cause bleeding, but most aren’t a serious problem. But if your child has a facial injury that causes a bloody nose and you can’t stop the bleeding after 10 minutes or have other concerns about the injury, get medical care right away.
What to Do:
Frequent nosebleeds in children can be scary. But try to stay calm. Most of them just looks much worse than they really are. Use the following home care tips:
- Stay calm and reassure your child.
- Have your child sit upright in a chair or on your lap, then tilt his or her head slightly forward. Keep your child’s head above his heart to slow the bleeding.
- Do not have your child lean back. This may cause blood to flow down the back of the throat, which tastes bad and may cause gagging, coughing, or vomiting.
- Gently pinch the soft part of the nose (just below the bony ridge) with a tissue or clean washcloth.
- Keep pressure on the nose for about 10 minutes; if you stop too soon, bleeding may start again.
- Have your child relax a while after a nosebleed. Discourage nose-blowing, picking, or rubbing, and any rough play.
In addition to squeezing the nostrils, try the following:
- If your child can tolerate it, place a cool towel or covered icepack on the back of their neck while they sit on your lap.
- Offer your child an icy pole or cold drink to cool them down and get rid of the taste of blood.
- Encourage your child to spit out any blood that has dripped from their nose into their mouth. Swallowing blood may make your child vomit, which can cause the nosebleed to continue or worsen.
Things you can do to prevent frequent nosebleeds in children include:
- Tell your kids to avoid picking their nose. Also keep their fingernails short
- Tell your kids to blow their nose as little as possible and only very gently
- Keep your home humidified
- Regularly apply petroleum jelly (such as Vaseline) to the inside of your kids nostrils to keep the inside of his nose moist.
- Make sure your kids wear protective athletic equipment during sports or other activities that could cause a nose injury.
- Caution children not to put any object in their noses.