There is no cure for eczema. Eczema treatment aims to heal the affected skin and prevent flare-ups of symptoms. Remember that eczema causes and symptoms can be different for everyone. Therefore, not everyone will respond to a treatment in the same way. So it’s best to familiarize yourself with all of the options.
Talk with your doctors to suggest an eczema treatment plan that works for you. But mostly, it’s based on an individual’s age, symptoms, and current state of health.
Plan for treatment of eczema often includes medicine, skin care, and lifestyle changes. Skin care and lifestyle changes can help prevent flare-ups. Many patients receive tips for coping. Doing all of this may seem bothersome, but sticking to the plan can make a big difference.
However, some people find that even when they do all the “right” things, their eczema still flares. Eczema can be an unpredictable disease, and there is much still to learn about it. Having an eczema flare “out of the blue” is common and can happen despite your best efforts.
For some people, eczema goes away over time. For others, it remains a lifelong condition.
What treatment and medications are available for eczema?
Eczema home treatment and care
- Use pure cotton or cotton mixtures instead of wool or synthetics
- Take lukewarm baths
- Do not use soap. Instead add bath oils to bath water and use emulsifying ointment or a water dispersible cream instead of soap
- Avoid enzyme detergents and fabric softeners when washing clothes. Because these can irritate the skin.
- Learn about foods that causes allergic reactions such as peanuts, eggs, seafood, milk, soy and chocolate
- Use a humidifier in winter and summer
- Avoid using antiseptics and solvents directly on your skin
- Environmental factors, such as heat, sunlight and cold can irritate the condition. If this is the case, protect the child from them or avoid them as much as possible
- Moisturise the skin. Washing with water alone rapidly results in drying, but adding oil to water will moisturise dry, eczema-prone skin effectively. Discuss with the doctor or a pharmacist what is available. It may take some time and experimentation to find the best product for the child.
- Keep temperature and humidity levels comfortable. Avoid situations in which the air is extremely dry, or where you may sweat and overheat. This is the most common trigger of the itch/scratch cycle.
- Bandages can help stop scratching at night. Cotton mittens can be especially helpful
- Trim fingernails short and smooth to decrease the damage that occurs due to scratching.
- Use enough water for adequate rinsing after washing.
- Buy clothes without tags because tags can rub against the skin, causing irritation.
- Wash new clothes before wearing. This will remove excess dyes and fabric finishers, which can irritate the skin.
Medications for eczema treatment
There are several medications that doctors can prescribe to treat the symptoms of eczema, including:
Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments
These are a type of anti-inflammatory medication. They help relieve the main symptoms of eczema, such as skin inflammation and itchiness. They are applied directly to the skin. If you want to buy topical corticosteroid creams and ointments, then there is an excellent selection online with thousands of customer reviews.
If topical treatments are not effective, systemic corticosteroids can be prescribed. These are either injected or taken by mouth. These are only used for short periods of time.
Skin that is broken and damaged is more likely to be infected by bacteria. These are prescribed if eczema occurs alongside a bacterial skin infection. They can be taken orally in the form of syrup, capsules or tablets.
Antiviral and antifungal medications
These can treat fungal and viral infections that occur.
An effective, intensive treatment for severe eczema. It involves wrapping the affected area with topical corticosteroids and wet bandages. Sometimes this is done in a hospital for people with widespread lesions. Because it requires nursing expertise. Ask your doctor about learning how to do this technique at home.
These reduce the risk of nighttime scratching as they can cause drowsiness. The drowsiness they cause can also be useful at night to conquer sleeplessness caused by the irritation.
Systemic eczema treatment medication
While the exact cause of eczema is not known, researchers understand that that the immune system is involved. In eczema, the immune system overreacts and produces inflammation. This leads to symptoms such as itching, redness and skin barrier problems.
If you have severe eczema, your doctor may prescribe you a type medication called an immunosuppressant. They help suppress the immune system in order to slow down the symptoms of severe eczema.
Barrier repair moisturizers
These reduce water loss and work to repair the skin.
This involves exposure to ultraviolet A or B waves, alone or combined. The skin will be monitored carefully. This method is normally used to treat moderate dermatitis. It takes few minutes two to three times each week. A course of treatment may continue for several months.
The condition itself is not yet curable. Therefore, there should be a particular treatment plan to suit each person with different symptoms. Even after an area of skin has healed, it is important to keep looking after it, as it may easily become irritated again.