How to do Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

First aid CPR

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in many emergencies, including a heart attack or near drowning, in which someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped.

Move the person to safety

Be sure to move the person to a safe place. Also make sure you are not putting yourself in harm’s way by administering Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) to someone unconscious. Do whatever is necessary to move yourself and the other person to safety.

Assess the person’s level of consciousness

Gently tap the persons shoulder and ask “Are you OK?” in a loud, clear voice. If the person responds “Yeah” or such, CPR is not required. Instead, take measures to assess whether you need to contact emergency services. If the victim does not respond, rub their sternum or pinch their finger or toes to see if they respond. If they still don’t react, check for a pulse on their neck or under their thumb on the wrist.

Send someone to call for emergency medical services (EMS). If you’re alone, call for emergency services before starting.

How to perform CPR

  • Firstly, place the person on his or her back and make sure he or she is lying flat on a hard surface. This helps prevent injury while you are doing chest compression’s. Tilt their head back by using your palm against their forehead and a push against their chin.
  • Secondly, place the heel of one hand on the victim’s breastbone, 2 finger-widths above the meeting point of the lower ribs, exactly between the normal position of the nipples.
  • Thirdly, put your second hand on top of the first hand, palms-down, interlock the fingers of the second hand between the first.
  • Fourthly, position your body directly over your hands so that your arms are straight and somewhat rigid. Don’t flex the arms to push, but nearly lock your elbows, and use your upper body strength to push.
  • Additionally, perform 30 chest compression’s. Press down with both hands directly over the breastbone to perform a compression, which helps the heart beat. Chest compression’s are more critical for correcting abnormal heart beating patterns.
  • Last but not the least, give 2 rescue breaths. If you are trained in CPR and totally confident, give 2 rescue breaths between each 30 chest compression’s. Tilt their head and lift their chin. Pinch their nostrils shut and administer 1-second breaths mouth-to-mouth.
  • Lastly, You should do CPR for 2 minutes (5 cycles of compression’s to breaths) before spending time checking for a pulse or a rise and fall in the chest. Continue till help arrives.

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Felix Ntifo is a Registered General Nurse who has so much passion to improve health care delivery. He founded FelClinic with the hope of making health information accessible to everyone who may not come in contact with him personally. "At we are very passionate about health and well-being of everyone. Our team is made up of professional doctors, nurses, midwives and lab technicians."

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