First aid treatment of alcohol intoxication

alcohol intoxication prevention

Alcohol intoxication can happen as a result of consuming too many drinks in a short period of time. This condition can affect your body’s ability to function properly and may even cause death.  If you suspect that someone has consumed too much alcohol, cut them off and get medical care immediately. However, certain factors can increase your risk for developing the condition. These include:

  • General overall health
  • Drug use
  • Alcohol percentage in your beverages
  • Frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption
  • Your alcohol tolerance level, which can drop dangerously if you are dehydrated or have performed strenuous physical activity.

Signs and symptoms of alcohol intoxication

Alcohol intoxication often presents with specific symptoms for which you should watch. You don’t have to have all of the symptoms to have alcohol intoxication, but you should look out for:

  • Vomiting
  • Tremors and seizures
  • Slow irregular breathing
  • Low body temperature
  • Passing out
  • Mental confusion
  • Stupor
  • Coma or unconsciousness
  • Inability to wake up
  • Loss of orientation/balance

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Treating a case of alcohol intoxication

To begin with, seek emergency medical care

Firstly, call your local emergency number for help. You can also take the person to a hospital if you suspect alcohol intoxication, even if the person isn’t exhibiting signs or symptoms. This can ensure that the person doesn’t develop any other serious conditions or die, and get the necessary treatment to overcome alcohol intoxication.

Not getting help in time can lead to the following medical consequences:

  • Choking on vomit
  • Slowed or stopped breathing
  • Cardiac arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat
  • Stopped heartbeat
  • Hypothermia, or low body temperature
  • Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, which can cause seizures
  • Severe dehydration from vomiting that can lead to seizures, permanent brain damage, and death.
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Death

Secondly, provide warmth

Cover the person with a blanket, coat, or some other item to keep them warm. This helps lower the risk of the person going into shock and make her more comfortable.

Thirdly, observe the person until the person get help

While you are waiting for emergency personnel or to arrive at a hospital, monitor the person having alcohol intoxication. Look for symptoms and bodily functions that can help you prevent complications. It will also help you as well to provide information to medical personnel.

Fourthly,  provide assistance in case of vomiting

If the person you suspect has alcohol intoxication is vomiting, try and keep them sitting upright. This minimize the risk for either choking or death. Place the person on their side in the recovery position to prevent choking. Keep them awake to minimize the risk of unconsciousness.

Additionally, be with an unconscious person

If you are with someone who is unconscious as a result of alcohol, stay with them. This can ensure that she doesn’t vomit and choke or stop breathing. Don’t force the person to vomit, it could cause her to choke.

Finally, Receive treatment at the hospital

Once the person is admitted into the hospital, the person will undergo evaluation and treatment for alcohol poisoning. Doctors will manage any symptoms and continue to monitor the patient.


There are some things that you may think can help a person with alcohol intoxication sober up, but they can actually be quite harmful. The following will not reverse symptoms and may make his situation worse:

  • Drinking coffee and sugar
  • Cold showers
  • Walking
  • Drinking more alcohol

About felclinic 593 Articles
Felix Ntifo is a Registered General Nurse who has so much passion to improve health care delivery. He founded FelClinic with the hope of making health information accessible to everyone who may not come in contact with him personally. "At we are very passionate about health and well-being of everyone. Our team is made up of professional doctors, nurses, midwives and lab technicians."

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